Emphasizing medical student and physician mental health in the curricula

By AMA staff

If there’s one takeaway pearl that Ruchi Fitzgerald, MD, hopes her students and residents will receive during their rotations, it is that treatment saves lives for those with a substance use disorder (SUD), depression, anxiety or other stigma-laden condition – including within the medical profession.

“Paradoxically, the general public probably has an easier time accepting treatment than those within the practice of medicine,” said Dr. Fitzgerald. “Medical school and residency already put incredible pressure on early-career physicians, and that can be extremely frightening – and in far too many situations, we see and hear of people dying by suicide. It’s heartbreaking.”

Isolation from the pandemic, long work hours, and financial debt are some of the risk factors that medical students have noted in a simulated physician substance use disorder case assignment, according to Dr. Fitzgerald. She said that this is just one of the reasons why it’s essential to heighten awareness amongst faculty that offering more education and resources on the topics of physician mental health, substance use disorder and wellness would be useful in the curriculum.

During her addiction medicine fellowship at Rush University in Chicago, for example, Dr. Fitzgerald worked with other committed addiction medicine faculty to start a substance use disorder curriculum titled RISE (Rush Integrative Substance Use Disorder Education). Part of the curriculum includes education/awareness on special topics like stigma, overdose prevention, physicians and SUD, and this year RISE will highlight physician suicide awareness/prevention with the AMA. Dr. Fitzgerald has noted that “Students and residents – like all of us – have been tested severely by the COVID pandemic. They have been frontline workers and overwhelmed in ways we did not anticipate. We need to do better to reach out, protect them and ensure that they are aware of the available resourceswithout fear of repercussions.”

There are many studies, media reports and other information (see here, here, here and here, for example) that highlight the rates of depression and suicidal ideation in the medical profession, including medical students. The AMA also has dedicated multiple resources to help physicians identify colleagues and others who may be at increased risk to help them get the support they need. This includes a practice module and advocacy issue brief concerning practical tips and ways to reform state law and regulation to increase access to confidential, evidence-based care.

“There are so many fears associated with receiving treatment for a substance use disorder as a physician,” said Dr Fitzgerald. “Those fears put up walls – and for many, they are a permanent wall to asking for help. There is always a concern about how receiving help will affect one’s career and medical licensure.”

In her own career path, Dr. Fitzgerald said that she came to realize that a Physician Health Program (PHP) is one of the important options to support  physicians in their recovery process using evidence-based treatment methods.

“I share my story openly to shatter stigma around substance use disorders, in the hopes that another health care professional has the courage to reach out for help too,” said Dr. Fitzgerald.

“I know how hard it is to say you need help because I know how hard it was for me to ask for help,” said Dr. Fitzgerald. “Early in my career, I was sanctioned and sought help in a PHP for my opioid use disorder. It was terrifying to me that my medical career might be over, but I had such great care. The compassion within the PHP structure made me realize that I didn’t need to hide what happened to me, but that I could help others by being up front and honest about the fact that treatment saved my life and my career.”

Dr. Fitzgerald said that as  a physician in long-term recovery, she shares her story  to help change the narrative and offer hope to others who may be struggling. She also emphasizes the importance of modeling RMC values, non-stigmatizing language and her training as a family physician, addiction medicine physician and medical educator with all her patients—at RMC and for the medically underserved community on the West Side of Chicago—all while teaching medical students, residents and fellows.

“I love the work that I do and feel incredibly fortunate to be in a space where I can affect change as a medical educator. I am married, with three children, and I believe that also changes the typical stereotype of how we view the classic person who may have a substance use disorder. This illness does not discriminate in who it may affect. How we support those who have it is our choice, however.  It is always disheartening to hear when those in the medical profession view addiction as a character flaw rather than a chronic disease.”

Learn more about Dr. Fitzgerald’s work here and here.

Ruchi M. Fitzgerald, MD, FAAFP, is a family physician and addiction medicine physician and is the service chief of inpatient addiction medicine at PCC Community Wellness, a health center system serving the West Side of Chicago. She is also an assistant professor in the departments of Family Medicine and Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at Rush University, as well as the associate program director of the Rush Addiction Medicine Fellowship.

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